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– All birds on a seed diet should receive a daily supplement containing vitamins (including D3), minerals, and amino acids.

– A pelleted diet should provide the bulk (60-80%) of your pet bird’s diet. Brands such as Harrison’s, Kaytee (Exact), and Zupreem are designed to provide complete nutrition for your bird just as dog food is designed to provide complete nutrition for you dog. Harrison’s pellets are completely organic and contain no preservatives.

– Seed should be kept to a minimum and offered only as a treat.

– Use Nutriberries as a treat. They are more nutritionally balanced than seeds.

Because delta-8 has surged in popularity, it’s easy to get lost amongst all the manufacturers in the space. We considered manufacturer reputation in our rankings, emphasizing companies with an established track record for providing high-quality products over a long period.

Overall, there’s a lack of research on delta-8 THC that makes it challenging to know the specific properties of the substance. We know it gets you high to a similar degree as delta-9 THC. However, we know little beyond that. As delta-8 THC grows in popularity, however, researchers will begin looking at it as more than a minor constituent of the cannabis plant – and more of a substance linked to its powerful benefits.


We get plenty of questions about delta-8 products, brands, and companies. Here are some answers to our most frequently asked questions.

A: Delta-8 appears to be legal at a federal level. However, 15 states have banned or restricted delta-8 THC, and other states could ban delta-8 products in the future. Check laws at your local group to avoid shipping issues with your delta- 8 products.

Botany Farms offers delta-8 THC gummies with 30mg of delta-8 THC and 2mg of delta-9 THC per gummy. The company markets its gummy to experienced users in search of maximum THC relief. Botany Farms launched the product in response to customers’ desires for a high-end THC product. Today, Botany Farms’ gummy is one of the most potent edibles in the delta-8 space. The gummies come in a Tropical Mix flavor pack with peach, pineapple, and mango flavors. Botany Farms ships nationwide and offers free shipping on orders over $75.

The name Dümmen Orange is not that familiar to many in the sector. And that’s no surprise for a company that was called DNA Green Group until the spring of 2015, and even then was known mainly for the big names under the corporate umbrella, such as Lex +, Bartels, Ecke, Terra Nigra, Dümmen Group, Rijnplant, Fides, Red Fox and Barberet & Blanc. Not to mention the Agribio sister companies in Latin America and Asia.
CEO Biense Visser was brought in more than two years ago to channel growth, take R&D to a higher level and transform the many specialised companies – each with its own culture and history – into an entity that is more than the sum of its parts. He is achieving this mainly through corporate values and programmes focusing on corporate social responsibility, sustainable production and quality assurance.

What is feeding Dümmen Orange’s growth ambition? Visser: “The realisation that the sales market is changing. In the United States, as many as 60-70% of ornamentals are now sold by big box retailers like Walmart and Home Depot. And it’s heading that way in Europe and Asia too. These companies’ category managers can spend up to three years translating range selections into sales-ready concepts and adequate volumes. If you want to get in with these parties, you need to involve them in what you’re doing at an early stage. And, if possible, offer a complete programme in the crop top ten. That’s what we are aiming for, because we want to be a serious discussion partner. To achieve this we will have to take bigger steps in innovation – for consumers, retailers and, of course, growers – as well as in terms of expanding and upscaling.”

The promise of biotech

From 2002 until its takeover by Monsanto in 2008, Visser was CEO of the Dutch seed breeding company De Ruiter Seeds. He knows a thing or two about the breeding business and also has experience in business acquisition. According to the CEO, breeding practices in ornamentals lag behind those in vegetable production.
“Vegetable seeds have been produced using state-of-the-art techniques for decades,” he says. “You just have to think about DNA-assisted breeding and genetic markers, cell biology techniques such as embryo rescue, the dihaploid technique, and so on. Producing hybrids with inbred lines is standard practice. We hardly ever see these techniques in ornamental plant breeding yet; people tend rather to work on a trial-and-error basis and using visual selection. A lot of crops are largely bred by amateurs. And with all due respect to their dedication and product knowledge, crossing plants is not the same as targeted breeding. The latter is our core business.”
To enable it to work in a smarter and more targeted way, Dümmen Orange is a shareholder in Wageningen-based Genetwister, a company that is pushing the boundaries in biotechnology. This makes it the only business in the ornamentals sector that is investing in new knowledge and applications at this level.

With its recent acquisitions of Wander Tuinier Succulenten (June), Hobaho (September) and Olij Rozen (October 2016), Dümmen Orange has once again been making the headlines. The Dutch ornamentals breeding conglomerate is aiming for a global top three position in the ten best-selling crop groups and is not wasting any time getting there. “There is still a whole lot to gain in ornamental plant breeding,” says CEO Biense Visser. “We’re working on that.”

Inefficient processes make the time that lapses between crossing and market launch much longer than necessary. Visser cites the tulip as an example. It takes five years for the seed from a cross to form a bulb that can propagate itself. Depending on the offset factor, it would take another 15-20 years to produce one hectare of bulbs of this new variety, if it is found to be suitable. “There is definitely scope for improvement there,” he believes.
There are several reasons why ornamental plant breeding is lagging behind. For example, many ornamental crops are not propagated generatively but vegetatively, making the creation and maintenance of specific parental lines less pressing. Nurseries also tend to be much smaller and the diversity of species and varieties is much bigger than in food crops, so the threshold for investing in expensive biotech is higher.
Visser doesn’t brush aside those differences but refers once again to food crops. Breeding in that sector also used to be done using traditional methods, except with just ten to twenty companies working at it in the Netherlands. The fact that these companies have grown enormously in the last thirty years is a logical result of consistent investment in innovation (seed technology, cell biology and DNA technology), upscaling and international expansion, Visser believes. “This should be achievable with ornamentals too,” he says. “You just have to have the courage and the ability to take that step. That requires vision, a whole lot of money and the confidence that it will be recouped.”