My goutweed originally came from a plant given to me by a friend. Be sure to inspect all new plants for weeds before you put them in your garden.
Mulch is one of the most important tools in a weed free garden. It doesn’t matter if you’re growing trees and shrubs, perennials, annual flowers, or vegetables, a layer of mulch will be your best friend. Mulch blocks light from reaching the soil, reducing weed seed germination. For ornamental plants, the most common mulching material is bark mulch which is made from shredded bark. In food gardens, straw or shredded leaves are popular for reducing weed growth. Generally a two to three inch thick layer of mulch is enough to reduce weeds. Read more about garden mulches in this excellent article by Jessica.
2 – Never let them to go seed
Having the right tools for weeding can make this dreaded chore quick and easy. In my main garden, I like to use a hand weeder like the short-handled Cobrahead, but with the low beds in my greenhouse, it’s more comfortable to use a stand up tool like a long-handled collinear hoe. Here are my essential weeding tools:
During the main growing season, I spend a lot of time in my vegetable garden. Some of that time is spent tending the crops, other times I just want to hang out and relax in that beautiful space. I often take a mug of tea up to the garden and wander around the beds, checking the growth of my crops and taking a peek for potential problems – like weeds. One of the keys to a weed free garden is to pull weeds as soon as you spot them. When immature, most weeds are easy to remove with a quick yank or the help of a garden tool. Don’t make weeding an occasional chore, pull them as soon as you see them to minimize the risk that they will spread.
Hand trowel – The classic garden tool, a hand trowel can also be used to dig and lift weeds from garden beds. There are many different styles of trowels with some having wide blades, and other quite narrow. Some are made from steel, others from plastic. If you have arthritis, you may wish to buy one with an ergonomic handle to make weeding more comfortable.
New livestock, or those returning to the property from agistment, can carry weed seeds from other areas. Weeds can be easily imported from different regions or states because livestock can travel significant distances by road within a 24-hour period. Quarantine contaminated fodder in a sacrifice paddock or feedlot so weeds are contained in a small area.
Strict vehicle hygiene (that is, regular cleaning) can reduce the risk of new infestations and weed spread.
Machinery and vehicle usage
Controlling weeds around farm buildings is required by law to reduce a potential fire hazard. This can be achieved by regular mowing or herbicide application by knapsack sprayer or pressurised hand lead. Knockdown or residual herbicides (or a combination of the two) can be used depending on whether the weeds have emerged, the time of year and the weeds present.
Weed seed is regularly spread around and between farms as a contaminant of seed retained for sowing. Seed for sowing is more often than not contaminated with weed seeds and frequently at very high levels. Check seed analysis before buying seed-lots.
Knockdown or residual herbicides (or a combination of both) can be used.